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Celestial without a sextant

PostPosted: Sat Oct 10, 2015 6:11 pm
by omar
Position by Sunrise-sunset times

This method was suggested by Ross Willians from Australia, in 2006.

Consists of observing the exact sunrise and sunset times.
Each event time draws a curved line on the surface of the earth (iso_sunrise and iso_sunset)
Where the two meet is the sailor position (if the boat is stopped). I have implemented that method,
including the running fix (i.e. considering boat movement during the day).

As you see, no sextant needed. According to Mr Willians, the first thing one sees
in the morning is a greenish light, the first direct sun ray, refracted in the atmosphere.
The same happens at sunset: the last flash of sun light is a similar greenish ray.
Those are sunset and sunrise times.

I suppose it works better on winter time, as on summer time both lines can be nearly parallel.
Bad for latitude determination. Not sure.


I have been unable to locate Mr Willians since, due to lost emails. :mrgreen:
This method is available in Navigator 8.0

Re: Celestial without a sextant

PostPosted: Tue Oct 20, 2015 11:36 am
by parrythesalt
I found the stars are much more convenient to give a fix. On watch during the night .there is plenty of time to identify the stars about to set in the west. (With Navigator it is now easy ). Just note the time and correct for refraction ( temperature and pressure corrections ! ) and eye height as usual. The sun run method will give an unknown error of at least a few miles.The only time the position lines will be parallel is at the Equinox,and the best crossing angles at the shortest and longest days.